Freckles are clusters of concentrated melanin which are most often visible on people with a fair complexion. A freckle is also called an ephelis. Freckles do not have an increased number of melanin producing cells (melanocytes). If you have freckles it makes you UNIQUE. Embrace them
Freckles can be found on anyone no matter their genetic background; however, the amount of freckles is genetic and is related to the presence of the melanocortin-1 receptor MC1R gene variant. The formation of freckles is triggered by exposure to sunlight. The exposure to UV-B radiation activates melanocytes to increase melanin production, which can cause freckles to become darker and more visible.
Freckles are not cancerous. The important thing is to see a dermatologist, so the dermatologist can distinguish freckles from brown spots that may be pre-cancerous or cancerous.
Creams are not effective for removing freckles. These creams tend to bleach the whole skin, including the surrounding areas, resulting in the same level of color difference between the normal skin and the freckled skin. Strong sunscreen and avoiding sun exposure are the two ways to prevent freckles.