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John Galliano’s family was Spanish-Gibralterian. He came to London at the age of six. He studied at St Martins School of Art, graduating in 1983. He launched his first collection under his own name in 1984.

John Galliano - Photo by Michael Woolley
John Galliano – Photo by Michael Woolley

John Galliano  born in 1960 is a  British fashion designer who was the head designer of French fashion companies Givenchy (July 1995 to October 1996), Christian Dior (October 1996 to March 2011), and his own label John Galliano.

Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano for Christian Dior - HC - FW 1997 - Photo by Peter Lindbergh - Vogue Italia
John Galliano for Christian Dior – HC – FW 1997 – Photo by Peter Lindbergh – Vogue Italia
Christian Dior Fall 2000 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2000 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2001 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Fall 2001 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Fall 2002 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2002 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2004 Haute Couture Picture : © ANGELI / MATRIX
Christian Dior Spring 2004 Haute Couture Picture : © ANGELI / MATRIX
Christian Dior Fall 2004 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2004 Haute Couture
Fall 2005 Couture
Fall 2005 Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2005 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Spring 2005 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2006 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2006 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2007 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior Fall 2007 Ready to Wear
Christian Dior - Spring 2007 Couture 2007 Couture
Christian Dior – Spring 2007 Couture
2007 Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture
 Christian Dior Fall 2007 Haute Couture

Christian Dior Fall 2007 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture
Christian Dior S/S 2007 Couture collection
Christian Dior S/S 2007 Couture collection
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2008 Haute Couture
John Galliano for Christian Dior Haute Couture S/S 2008
John Galliano for Christian Dior Haute Couture S/S 2008
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
John Galliano for Christian Dior - HC - Fall 2007
John Galliano for Christian Dior – HC – Fall 2007
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Finale S/S 2008, Couture
Christian Dior Finale S/S 2008, Couture
John Galliano for Christian Dior Spring Summer 2009 Haute Couture
John Galliano for Christian Dior Spring Summer 2009 Haute Couture
John Galliano Rocks Christian Dior's 2009 Spring
John Galliano Rocks Christian Dior’s 2009 Spring
Christian Dior Fall 2009 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2009 Haute Couture
John Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano
Christian Dior Haute Couture SS98.
Christian Dior Haute Couture SS98.
john galliano for Dior
john galliano for Dior
Dior Couture S/S 2004
Dior Couture S/S 2004
John Galliano for Christian Dior - 1997 - Haute couture
John Galliano for Christian Dior – 1997 – Haute couture
Galliano
Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano
Christian Dior Spring 2003 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2003 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2010 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2010 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2010 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Fall 2010 Haute Couture
Galliano
Galliano
John Galliano for Christian Dior, Haute Couture FW 2009-2010
John Galliano for Christian Dior, Haute Couture FW 2009-2010
John Galliano for DIOR S/S 2004 Couture
John Galliano for DIOR S/S 2004 Couture
John Galliano for Chrisitan Dio
John Galliano for Chrisitan Dio
Christian Dior Spring 2010 Couture.
Christian Dior Spring 2010 Couture.

Galliano  studied  at Saint Martin’s School of Art, from which he graduated in 1988 with a first class honours degree in Fashion Design. His first collection was inspired by the French Revolution and entitled Les Incroyables, with a music soundtrack mixed by DJ Jeremy Healy.

The collection received positive reviews and was bought in its entirety for resale in the London fashion boutique Browns. Galliano then started his own fashion label alongside long-term collaborators Amanda Harlech, at that time stylist with Harpers and Queen, and Stephen Jones, a milliner. 

On the back of this success, Galliano rented studio space in London, but his talent was not matched by a head for business. Moreover, he would take his enjoyment of London’s nightlife to extremes.

Initially, financial backing came from Johan Brun, and when this agreement came to an end, Danish entrepreneur Peder Bertelsen, owner of firm Aguecheek, who were also backing Katherine Hamnett at the time, took over. This agreement ended in 1988 and Galliano sought the backing of German agent Faycal Amor (owner and designer of fashion label Plein Sud) who directed him to set up his base in Paris. Galliano relocated to Paris in search of financial backing and a strong client base. His first show was in 1989 as part of Paris Fashion Week. By 1990, he was bankrupt and, after his own London-based label failed to re-ignite his fortunes, he moved to Paris

John Galliano
John Galliano

In 1993, Galliano’s financial agreement with Amor ended and he did not have a showing in October, missing the season. With the help of American Vogue editor-in-chief Anna Wintour and Andre Leon Talley, then European Correspondent at Vanity Fair, Galliano was introduced to Portuguese socialite and fashion patron Sao Schlumberger and financial backers of venture firm Arbela Inc, John Bult and Mark Rice.

It was through this partnership that Galliano received the financial backing and high society stamp needed to give him credibility in Paris. This collection was important in the development of Galliano as a fashion house, and is regarded as a ‘fashion moment’ in high fashion circles

In July 1995, Galliano  was appointed as the designer of Givenchy by Bernard Arnault, owner of luxury goods conglomerate LVMH, thus becoming the first British designer to head a French haute couture house.[On 21 January 1996, Galliano presented his first couture show at the helm of Givenchy at the Stade de France.

In October 1996, LVMH moved Galliano to Christian Dior, replacing Italian designer Gianfranco Ferré.]

Galliano
Galliano

In 2010, Galliano identified his love of theatre and femininity as central to his creations; he said “my role is to seduce”, and credited Standard Oil heiress Millicent Rogers as an influence.

John Galliano Fall 2003 Ready to Wear
John Galliano Fall 2003 Ready to Wear
john galliano
john galliano
John Galliano - Spring 2010
John Galliano – Spring 2010
Christian Dior
Christian Dior

CONTROVERSY

On 25 February 2011, Dior announced that it had suspended Galliano following his arrest over an alleged anti-Semitic tirade in a Paris bar.

The same day, Paris-based citizen journalism site Citizenside received video of Galliano on a similar rant in the same bar the previous December. In the video a drunk Galliano, seated at a café table, insults a group of Italian women and declares “I love Hitler… People like you would be dead. Your mothers, your forefathers would all be fucking gassed.” This incident happened just before the Paris Fashion Week for Autumn/Winter 2011-12.

John Galliano - Coat
John Galliano – Coat
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
John Galliano -Christian Dior
John Galliano -Christian Dior
John Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano
John Galliano

The show-business industry expressed mixed feelings towards the designer’s anti-semitic speech

Galliano denied the allegations through his lawyer, and launched a defamation lawsuit against the couple accusing him of antisemitism. On 1 March 2011, Dior announced that it had begun procedures of dismissal for Galliano, with Dior’s chief executive Sidney Toledano stating, “I very firmly condemn what was said by John Galliano” Dior announced it will continue to support the Galliano brand financially due to license despite the scandal.

Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture
Christian Dior Spring 2008 Haute Couture

In France, expressing anti-semitic ideas is illegal. It was reported on 2 March 2011 that Galliano was to face trial in Paris for allegedly “making racist comments to customers in a café”. The trial commenced on 22 June 2011. Galliano’s lawyer argued that the “series of public outbursts during which he uttered racist and anti-Semitic insults in a Paris café” were the result of “work-related stress and multiple addictions.”

John-galliano
galliano
galliano
Galliano for Christian Dior
Galliano for Christian Dior

On 8 September 2011, Galliano was found guilty of making anti-Semitic remarks and sentenced to pay a total of €6,000 (US$8,400) in suspended fines after a French court found him guilty of giving public insults on account of race.

Galliano for Christian Dior
Galliano for Christian Dior

A Paris commercial court, in March 2011, rejected a claim for damages by Galliano’s company, Cheyenne Freedom, “following the termination of its consultancy agreements with Christian Dior Couture SA”. The court ordered Cheyenne Freedom to pay Dior €1.17 million “for hurting the company’s image and reputation”

Dior Couture by John Galliano - Photo by Patrick Demarchelier
Dior Couture by John Galliano – Photo by Patrick Demarchelier
John Galliano
John Galliano

On 21 November 2013, the Paris Court of Appeals rejected an appeal by Christian Dior Couture SA, which was seeking to move the case to a commercial court from the Conseil de prud’hommes (Labor Relations Court) and ordered Christian Dior Couture SA and John Galliano SA to each pay the Galliano €2,500 and court costs.  Galliano “is seeking compensation in the range of 6 million euros”. Jean Néret of Jeantet Associés is representing Christian Dior Couture SA and John Galliano SA. Chantal Giraud-van Gaver of Coblence & Associés represents John Galliano.

Christian Dior Fall 2005 Picture By : © JPI / MATRIX
Christian Dior Fall 2005 Picture By : © JPI / MATRIX
the Christian Dior show as part of the Paris Haute Couture Fashion Week Spring/Summer 2011 at Musee Rodin on January 24, 2011 in Paris, France.
the Christian Dior show as part of the Paris Haute Couture Fashion Week Spring/Summer 2011 at Musee Rodin on January 24, 2011 in Paris, France.
Galliano for Christian Dior
Galliano for Christian Dior
Galliano for Christian Dior
Galliano for Christian Dior
Shalom Harlow in Christian Dior - SS 2007 - Haute Couture - Design by John Galliano -
Shalom Harlow in Christian Dior – SS 2007 – Haute Couture – Design by John Galliano –

COMEBACK

In early 2013, Galliano accepted an invitation from Oscar de la Renta, brokered by Anna Wintour, for a temporary residency at de la Renta’s design studio to help prepare for a showing of his Fall 2013 ready-to-wear collection during February New York Fashion Week.

Galliano also received a measure of absolution from the Anti-Defamation League, which lauded his efforts to atone for his misdeeds and wished him well. The ADL again came to his defence after the New York Post ran a photo of him on his way to the de la Renta show dressed in what it claimed was Hasidic-like garb.

John Galliano, Fall/Winter 2012
John Galliano, Fall/Winter 2012

Galliano remained backstage at the show, which received favourable reviews amid speculation about his future, including as a possible successor to Mr. de la Renta and that Galliano may take up a teaching post at Parsons the New School for Design

On 12 June 2013, John Galliano’s first filmed interview since his dismissal from Christian Dior was broadcast on United States television. He closed this conversation by stating “I am able to create. I am ready to create…[and] I hope through my atonement I’ll be given a second chance.

John Galliano and Linda Evangelista - 1995
John Galliano and Linda Evangelista – 1995
John Galliano fall 2013 collection
John Galliano fall 2013 collection
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture Couture at the Door Magazine: Vogue Nippon May 2007 Photographer: Horst Diekgerdes Model: Natasha
Christian Dior Spring 2007 Haute Couture Couture at the Door Magazine: Vogue Nippon May 2007 Photographer: Horst Diekgerdes Model: Natasha
SS 2014
SS 2014
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